Playing football is a very common activity among children and adults. But what are the muscles used in this sport?
Each sport has its particularities and needs. In football, for example, usually, those players who have an out of the ordinary touch stand out; this helps them to shoot the ball over long distances and to kick from a distance with some ease.
If you want to imitate them, you have probably wondered what muscles are used when playing football. Here is the answer.
A powerful shot is a feature that can distinguish a player and make him remember forever. Roberto Carlos, Siniša Mihajlović and Dejan Stanković are clear examples of exemplary players who have given so many wonderful free throws in football.
Likewise, it is an important feature in other sports too. For example, in American football or rugby, for example.
Many football and rugby players want to copy this quality. Obviously, it would be a big advantage for them when facing another player of the same level.
To make a good shot you need to exercise your legs. Specifically, it is essential to know which muscles are used to kick a ball. In this article, we will give you some tips and suggest a good method to enhance your “weapon” to score goals or mark an opponent.
What muscles do we use when we play football
The muscle group most involved when we hit a ball is an upper leg, including the quadriceps, iliotibial and glutes. However, it is also necessary to exercise the strength of the central muscles – this group of muscles is called the core – the pelvis, the muscles of the feet and even the torso and shoulders.
As you can see, almost the whole body is involved. This is due to the fact that, in addition to the specific force to hit the ball, you also use the impulse of your body to transmit this power to the shot.
Quadriceps, ischiotibials, and glutes
They have the task of bending and stretching the knee of the leg with which the shot is made. Furthermore, these movements also have effects on the flexors of the pelvis, since they are joined to it through the femur.
The pelvis is the part in charge of articulating the actions of each leg. With the help of the buttocks, participate, extending, the movement of the leg backward to take the right impulse.
On the other hand, in the support leg, the quadriceps and iliotibial muscles provide the necessary stability. This way you can kick in the right direction and with the desired power.
Just like the front ones, these muscles have the task of giving stability and, at the same time, a certain movement when you hit the ball.
Torso and shoulders
Although it is mainly footwork, it is impossible to kick without moving your chest and shoulders. The latter plays a fundamental role in maintaining balance and not falling.
Furthermore, during the execution of the shot, the deltoids align the shoulders with the ball; this action is also done for the purpose of coordination and transmission of force to the ball.
Tibialis anterior and twins
The anterior tibial muscle is located in the lateral or external part of the tibia. If they ask you what its function is when kicking a ball, the answer is that it helps to bend the ankle joints.
When a person kicks, the ankle bends. By pointing our fingers down, we are doing a plantarflexion; bringing them upwards, however, we perform a dorsal flexion. Specifically, the anterior tibial muscle goes into action during the dorsal flexion. For plantar flexion, however, the work of twins and soleus is necessary.
Tips for better football
Now that we have the basic knowledge about the muscles that come into play when hitting a ball, let’s move on to practice. We give you some useful tips to improve shooting, which can be useful for football, but also for other sports.
- Place the supporting foot slightly on the side of the ball. The knee of this leg must bend slightly.
- If you want to give more power to the shot, try to raise the leg that will kick to get the right impulse as much as possible.
- Keep the ankle of the foot that will kick locked and firm to obtain a powerful and stable shot.
- If you don’t want the ball to rise too much, tilt your body forward when shooting. The head should be aligned with the ball when shooting.
- If, on the other hand, you are looking for a high shot, then tilt the body backward. In this way, the shot will take an angular direction upwards.
- Try to pull with the part of the laces, unless you want to give a curve effect to the trajectory of the shot.
Finally, you can also consider other types of throws, which require more technique than strength. Examples are shooting with three fingers or with the inside of the foot.
However, with a good leg exercise routine for more power and proper execution, you will be able to improve this skill. Knowing which muscles come into play when you hit the ball will help you focus on your movements and have more precision in making.